Anyu, J. N., & Moki, S. (2009). Africa: The piracy hot spot and its implications for global security. Mediterranean Quarterly,
Behlendorf, B., LaFree, G., & Legault, R. (2012). Microcycles of violence: Evidence from terrorist attacks by ETA and the FMLN. Journal of Quantitative Criminology,
Beittel, J.S. (2012). Colombia: Background, U.S. relations, and congressional interest. Congressional Research Service, 7-5700:RL32250.
Braga, A. A. (2005). Hot spots policing and crime prevention: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Journal of experimental criminology,
Braga, A. A. (2008). Problem-oriented policing and crime prevention. Monsey: Willow Tree Press.
Braga, A. A., Papachristos, A. V., & Hureau, D. M. (2010). The concentration and stability of gun violence at micro places in Boston, 1980–2008. Journal of Quantitative Criminology,
Braithwaite, A., & Johnson, S. D. (2015). The battle for Baghdad: Testing hypotheses about insurgency from risk heterogeneity, repeat victimization, and denial policing approaches. Terrorism and Political Violence,
Brantingham, P. L., & Brantingham, P. J. (1981). Notes on the geometry of crime. Environmental Criminology,
Brantingham, P. J., & Brantingham, P. L. (1993). Environment, routine and situation: Toward a pattern theory of crime. Advances in criminological theory,
Briggs, R. (2001). The kidnapping business. London: The Foreign Policy Centre Diplomatic Forum.
Callimachi, R. (2014). Paying ransoms, Europe bankrolls Qaeda Terror. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/30/world/africa/ransoming-citizens-europe-becomes-al-qaedas-patron.html?_r=0.
CBS News. (2014). “Multiple kidnappings for ransom” funding ISIS, source says. http://www.cbsnews.com/news/multiple-kidnappings-for-ransom-funding-isis-source-says/.
Christi, I. P. (2008). Kidnapping is booming business. Utrecht: IKV Pax Christi.
Clarke, R. V., & Eck, J. E. (2005). Crime analysis for problem solvers. Washington, DC: Center for Problem Oriented Policing.
Cohen, L.E., & Felson, M. (1979). Social change and crime rate trends: A routine activity approach. American sociological review, 44, 588–608.
Cornish, D. B., & Clarke, R. V. (Eds.). (1986). The reasoning criminal: rational choice perspectives on offending. New York: Springer.
Cornish, D. B., & Clarke, R. V. (1987). Understanding crime displacement: an application of rational choice theory. Criminology, 25, 933–948.
Cornish, D. B., & Clarke, R. V. (2003). Opportunities, precipitators and criminal decisions. Crime prevention studies. Monsey: Criminal Justice Press.
Di Tella, R., Edwards, S., & Schargrodsky, E. (Eds.). (2010). The economics of crime: Lessons for and from Latin America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Eck, J. E., Clarke, R. V., & Guerette, R. T. (2007). Risky facilities: crime concentration in homogeneous sets of establishments and facilities. Crime Prevention Studies,
Embassy of the United States. (2015). http://bogota.usembassy.gov/plancolombia.html. Accessed 10 Mar 2015.
Felson, M., & Clarke, R.V. (1998). Opportunity makes the thief: practical theory for crime prevention, vol. 98. London: Home Office, Policing and Reducing Crime Unit, Research, Development and Statistics Directorate.
Felson, M., & Poulsen, E. (2003). Simple indicators of crime by time of day. International Journal of Forecasting,
Flores, R. (2014). Latin American security forces uses Amber Alerts to locate kidnapped children. Dialogo. http://dialogo-americas.com/en_GB/articles/rmisa/features/regional_news/2014/01/31/alerta-amber.
Forest, J. J. F. (2012). Global trends in kidnapping by terrorist groups. Global Change, Peace & Security,
Freilich, J., & Newman, G. (2009). Reducing terrorism through situational crime prevention. New York: Criminal Justice Press.
Fund for Peace. (2015). The fragile states index. http://fsi.fundforpeace.org/. Accessed 1 June 2015.
Guerette, R. T., & Bowers, K. J. (2009). Assessing the extent of crime displacement and diffusion of benefits: a review of situational crime prevention evaluations*. Criminology,
George Washington University. (1997). NSA Archive. Special Report for CINC Human Rights Abuses Colombia. http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/NSAEBB/NSAEBB408/docs/19980300.PDF.
Gibbs, S. (2010). Applying the theory and techniques of situational criminology to counterinsurgency operations reducing insurgency through situational prevention. Monterey: Naval Postgraduate School.
Groff, E. R., Weisburd, D., & Yang, S. M. (2010). Is it important to examine crime trends at a local “micro” level? A longitudinal analysis of street to street variability in crime trajectories. Journal of Quantitative Criminology,
Guerette, R. T. (2007). Migrant death: Border safety and situational crime prevention on the US-Mexico divide. New York: LFB Scholarly.
Guerette, R. T. (2009). Analyzing crime displacement and diffusion. Washington, DC: US Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services.
Hinduja, S., & Kooi, B. (2013). Curtailing cyber and information security vulnerabilities through situational crime prevention. Security Journal,
Knickmeyer, E. (2014). Al Qaeda-linked groups increasingly funded by ransom. Wall Street Journal. http://www.wsj.com/articles/ransom-fills-terrorist-coffers-1406637010. Accessed 1 Jan 2015.
Lemieux, A. M. (Ed.). (2014). Situational crime prevention of poaching. London: Routledge.
Lemieux, A. M., & Clarke, R. V. (2009). The international ban on ivory sales and its effects on elephant poaching in Africa. British Journal of Criminology,
Levitt, S., & Rubio, M. (2005). Understanding crime in Colombia and what can be done about it. Institutional reforms: the case of Colombia. Boston: MIT Press.
Marchione, E., & Johnson, S. D. (2013). Spatial, temporal and spatio-temporal patterns of maritime piracy. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency,
Marongiu, P., & Clarke, R. V. (1993). Ransom kidnapping in Sardinia: Subcultural theory and rational choice. In R. V. Clarke & M. Felson (Eds.), Routine activity and rational choice (pp. 179–199). New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.
Michaud, P., St-Yves, M., & Guay, J. P. (2008). Predictive modeling in hostage and barricade incidents. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 35(9), 1136–1155.
Miller Llana, S. (2010). Medellín, once epicenter of Colombia’s drug war, fights to keep the peace. The Christian Science Monitor. http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Americas/2010/1025/Medellin-once-epicenter-of-Colombia-s-drug-warfights-to-keep-the-peace. Accessed 1 Jan 2015.
Moor, M., & Remijnse, S. (2008). Kidnapping is a booming business. Utrecht: IKV PAX Christi.
Nax, H. H. (2008). Modelling hostage-taking: On reputation and strategic rationality of terrorists. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism,
(2015). Discover Colombia. http://discovercolombia.com/culture-test-post/. Accessed 8 Aug 2015.
(2010). Escándalo de Fondelibertad: “el problema no son números, son personas”. Revista Semana. http://www.semana.com/nacion/articulo/escandalo-fondelibertad-el-problema-no-numeros-personas/124626-3.
(2008). Former paramilitary leader Salvatore Mancuso said that AUC received help from the police and the military in massacre. Revista Semana. http://www.semana.com/international/headlines/articulo/former-paramilitary-leader-salvatore-mancuso-said-that-auc-received-help-from-the-police-and-the-military/97433-3.
Noor-Mohamed, M. K. (2014). The definitional ambiguities of kidnapping and abduction, and its categorisation: the case for a more inclusive typology. The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice,
Nossiter, A. (2012). Millions in ransoms fuel militants’ clout in West Africa. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/13/world/africa/kidnappings-fuelextremists-in-western-africa.html?_r=0. Accessed 1 Jan 2015.
Oehme, C. G. (2010). Plan Colombia: reassessing the strategic framework. Democracy and Security,
Patrick, S. (2007). “Failed” states and global security: empirical questions and policy dilemmas. International Studies Review,
Pease, K. (1998). Repeat victimization: Taking stock. Crime Detection and Prevention Paper Series Paper #90. Home Office.
Petrossian, G. A. (2015). Preventing illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing: A situational approach. Biological Conservation,
Petrossian, G. A., & Clarke, R. V. (2014). Explaining and controlling illegal commercial fishing an application of the CRAVED theft model. British Journal of Criminology,
Petrossian, G., Weis, J. S., & Pires, S. F. (2015). Factors affecting crab and lobster species subject to IUU fishing. Ocean and Coastal Management,
Pharoah, R. (2005). An unknown quantity: kidnapping for ransom in South Africa. SA Crime Quarterly, 14. https://www.issafrica.org/topics/crime-and-criminal-justice/01-dec-2005-anunknown-quantity.-kidnapping-for-ransom-in-south-africa-robyn-pharoah. Accessed 1 Jan 2015.
Pires, S. F., & Clarke, R. V. (2012). Are parrots CRAVED? An analysis of parrot poaching in Mexico. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency,
Pires, S. F., Guerette, R. T., & Stubbert, C. H. (2014). The crime triangle of kidnapping for ransom incidents in Colombia, South America: A ‘Litmus’ test for situational crime prevention. British Journal of Criminology,
Pshisva, R., & Suarez, G.A. (2010). Capital crimes: Kidnappings and corporate investment in Colombia. In R. Di Tella, S. Edwards, & E. Schargrodsky (Eds.), The economics of crime: Lessons for and from Latin America (pp. 63–97). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Ratcliffe, J. H. (2002). Aoristic signatures and the spatio-temporal analysis of high volume crime patterns. Journal of Quantitative Criminology,
Rathbone, J.P. (2012). Nation shakes off ‘nearly failed’ status. The Financial Times. http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/9984100a-92d9-11e1-aa60-00144feab49a.html.
Rubio, M. (2004). Kidnapping and armed conflict in Colombia. Conference, techniques of violence in civil war, August. PRIO.
Santareno, R. (2014). Colombia’s elite GAULA units dismantle kidnapping gangs. Dialogo. http://dialogo-americas.com/en_GB/articles/rmisa/features/regional_news/2014/04/28/gaula-colombia.
Shane, J.M., & Magnuson, S. (2014). Successful and unsuccessful pirate attacks worldwide: A situational analysis. Justice Quarterly, 1–26 . doi:10.1080/07418825.2014.958187
Sherman, L., Gartin, P. R., & Buerger, M. E. (1989). Hotspots of predatory crime: Routine activities in the criminology of place. Criminology,
Smith, M. J., & Tilley, N. (Eds.). (2013). Crime science. London: Routledge.
Topel, D. J. (2009). Hostage negotiation in Columbia and the FARC: deconstructing the problem. Iberoamerica Global, 2(1), 24–38.
Turner, M. (1998). Kidnapping and politics. International Journal of the Sociology of Law,
Tzanelli, R. (2006). Capitalizing on value: Towards a sociological understanding of kidnapping. Sociology,
Vannini, M. E. C., McCannon, B. C., & Detotto, C. (2012). Understanding ransom kidnapping and its duration. Sardinia: Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari.
White, M., & Fisher, C. (2008). Assessing our knowledge of identity theft: The challenges to effective prevention and control efforts. Criminal Justice Policy Review,
Wolfgang, M., & Figlio, R. (1972). Delinquency in a birth cohort. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Yang, S. M. (2010). Assessing the spatial–temporal relationship between disorder and violence. Journal of Quantitative Criminology,
Yang, S. L., Wu, B., & Huang, S. L. (2007). Kidnapping in Taiwan the significance of geographic proximity, improvisation, and fluidity. International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology,
Young, J. (2003). Searching for a new criminology of everyday life. Review article of Garland, D., the culture of control. British Journal of Criminology,
Yun, M., & Roth, M. (2008). Terrorist hostage-taking and kidnapping: Using script theory to predict the fate of a hostage. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism,