Skip to main content

Table 1 Descriptive statistics on K&R incidents (2002, 2006, 2011)

From: Crime science and crime epidemics in developing countries: a reflection on kidnapping for ransom in Colombia, South America

  2002 2006 2011   2002 2006 2011
Setting Victim gender
Rural 72.4 44.4 32.5 Female 20.6 24.1 18.4
Urban 27.6 54.3 66.9 Male 79.4 75.9 81.6
Top 4 perpetrators Victim age (known)
FARC 34.2 17.6 25.2 Under 18 22.7 18.9 13.8
ELN 28.1 9.6 11.1 18–30 16.3 20.6 26.3
Common criminal 14.5 39.2 59.0 31–50 42.0 38.7 38.4
AUC/BACRIMa 5.8 1.5 4.6 51+ 19.0 21.8 21.5
Type Day of week
Group kidnapping % 56.7 26.1 24.6 Monday 17.5 13.9 16.1
Express (0–1 days)b 33.2 43.2 34.1 Tuesday 16.7 12.3 14.4
Political 4.0 0.0 0.0 Wednesday 13.6 12.9 16.1
Thursday 13.2 15.8 15.7
Friday 13.5 16.0 13.1
Victim occupation Saturday 14.1 15.8 13.1
Agriculture 5.9 12.2 9.5 Sunday 11.5 13.2 11.5
Businessman 12.4 14.9 29.2
Employee of company 6.8 8.3 6.2 Month
Govt official 6.1 4.1 3.0 January 6.9 8.0 8.9
House wife 1.5 3.2 2.3 February 6.1 9.3 5.6
Law enforcement/military 1.9 0.1 1.3 March 7.5 8.0 9.5
Minor 12.5 15.8 12.1 April 10.3 8.4 7.2
Other 0.8 0.3 5.6 May 10.6 9.3 15.1
Politician 0.1 0.0 1.0 June 10.4 8.4 11.1
Professional 9.8 10.0 12.1 July 8.6 6.5 10.8
Retiree 1.1 1.0 0.7 August 9.8 11.5 9.8
Student 2.0 2.9 8.5 September 7.3 10.9 5.2
Tourist 1.1 0.7 0.0 October 7.3 8.1 4.3
Tradesman 6.3 13.6 8.2 November 7.1 7.0 8.5
Unknown 31.7 12.7 0.3 December 8.3 4.6 3.9
  1. aThe AUC no longer existed after 2006. However, many of its members became part of the BACRIM organization years later
  2. bExpress kidnappings are rarely identified in the database. Instead, we examine the proportion of kidnappings that last up to 1 day as a proxy measure for express kidnappings (Pires et al. 2014)