Skip to main content

Table 5 Effect of gunshots on service and retail establishments by beginning level of gunshots

From: The impact of gunshots on place-level business activity

   (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
   Establish-ments Births Deaths Sales Employees
  Quartile Poisson FE FE Poisson FE FE FE
Number of ShotSpotter incidents within 500 ft 1 − 0.005* − 0.094* − 0.135** − 0.012 − 0.213
  (0.003) (0.052) (0.066) (0.008) (0.179)
Number of ShotSpotter incidents within 500 ft 2 0.004 − 0.001 0.205 0.001 0.016
  (0.003) (0.034) (0.284) (0.003) (0.014)
Number of ShotSpotter incidents within 500 ft 3 0.001 0.001 0.005 0.001 − 0.002
  (0.001) (0.031) (0.026) (0.001) (0.003)
Number of ShotSpotter incidents within 500 ft 4 − 0.001 − 0.005 0.075*** 0.000 0.003
  (0.001) (0.009) (0.022) (0.001) (0.004)
  1. Robust standard errors in parentheses. Fixed effects estimates are clustered at the block level
  2. Number of observations and R2 vary by subgroup, so suppressed for brevity
  3. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1