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Table 2 Effect of gunshots on the number of service and retail establishments, births, deaths, and employees

From: The impact of gunshots on place-level business activity

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
  Establishments Establish-ments Births Deaths Total Sales Employees
  Poisson Poisson FE Poisson FE Poisson FE FE FE
Number of ShotSpotter incidents within 500 ft 0.006*** − 0.001 − 0.005 − 0.003 − $870.90 − 0.008
(0.002) (0.001) (0.008) (0.013) (727.40) (0.007)
Block fixed effects No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Year fixed effects No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Observations 2511 1119 624 158 2511 1119
Number of blocks 837 373 208 79 837 373
  1. Robust standard errors in parentheses. Fixed effects estimates are clustered at the block level
  2. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1