Skip to main content

Table 1 Lemieux (2014) adapted the Situational Crime Prevention table in (Cornish and Clarke 2003) for wildlife crime prevention

From: Systematic review of situational prevention methods for crime against species

Increase the effort Increase the risks Reduce the rewards Reduce provocations remove excuses
Harden Targets
e.g. GPS collars on vulnerable animals
Extend Guardianship
e.g. Gunshot detectors
Conceal targets
e.g. Translocate animals away from villages
Reduce frustrations and stress
e.g. Community outreach
Set Rules
e.g. Memorandums of understanding for wildlife use
Control access to facilities
e.g. Fence National Park
Assist Natural Surveillance
e.g. Rewarding informants
Remove targets
e.g. Rhino dehorning
Avoid disputes
e.g. Elephant trenches
Post instructions
e.g. No Trespassing signs
Screen exits
e.g. Sniffer dogs at airports
Reduce Anonymity
e.g. Automatic number plate readers on park roads
Identify property
e.g. Require RFID chips for legal wildlife exports
Reduce emotional arousal
e.g. Provide alternative sources of income/protein
Alert conscience
e.g. Clearly mark game reserve borders
Deflect Offenders
e.g. Checkpoints along protected area roads
Utilize place managers
e.g. Encourage lodge owners to report suspicious activity
Disrupt markets
e.g. Ban international trade
Neutralize peer pressure
e.g. Conservation education
Assist compliance
e.g. Allow regulated hunting
Control tools/weapons
e.g. Limit public sale of spears/traps/nets
Strengthen formal surveillance
e.g. More ranger foot patrols
Deny benefits
e.g. Add dye to Rhino horn
Discourage imitation
e.g. Forbid profit sharing with communities producing poachers
Control drugs and Alcohol
e.g. Substance abuse programs for communities