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Table 2 Average instances of prior misconduct per officer

From: A machine learning analysis of serious misconduct among Australian police

Complaints Serious misconduct (Range) Comparison (Range)
Improper use of force 0.29 (0–4) 0.12 (0–3)
Firearm related complaint 0.11 (0–2) 0.02 (0–2)
Adverse discharge of a Taser 0.005 (0–1) 0
Vehicle pursuit 0.04 (0–2) 0
Drink driving 0.17 (0–3) 0.03 (0–2)
Management action 3.75 (0–26) 1.75 (0–14)
Performance issues 0.40 (0–6) 0.09 (0–2)
Improper association 0.07 (0–2) 0.01 (0–1)
Complaint related to court 0.45 (0–8) 0.22 (0–4)
Incident during arrest or custody 0.21 (0–5) 0.09 (0–1)
Alleged corruption 0.11 (0–2) 0.01 (0–1)
Local Area Commander Warning Notice 0.26 (0–2) 0.03 (0–1)
Region Commander Warning Notice 0.23 (0–3) 0.03 (0–1)
Positive drug test 0.03 (0–1) 0
Issues with an investigation 0.55 (0–7) 0.3 (0–4)
Customer service 0.69 (0–12) 0.36 (0–4)
Harassment, intimidation or bullying 0.31 (0–5) 0.12 (0–4)
Untruthfulness/dishonesty 0.32 (0–4) 0.11 (0–3)
Misuse of powers 0.11 (0–2) 0.08 (0–2)
Disobey reasonable direction 0.14 (0–7) 0.08 (0–2)
Unauthorised absence 0.12 (0–3) 0.06 (0–1)
Property or exhibits complaint 0.245 (0–3) 0.13 (0–2)
Access and disclosure of confidential information 0.325 (0–4) 0.12 (0–2)
Breach code of conduct 0.335 (0–8) 0.05 (0–1)
Social media related 0.026 (0–2) 0
Workplace transfers 3.94 (0–16) 3.63 (0–15)
Unsubstantiated complaints 5.19 (0–55) 3.58 (0–25)
Total instances of serious misconduct 1.79 (1–13) 0