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Table 4 Business size by type of fraud and business size in the Netherlands in 2016 (in  %)

From: Fraud against businesses both online and offline: crime scripts, business characteristics, efforts, and benefits

Business size CEO-fraud Fraudulent contract Ghost invoice Businesses Netherlandsa Number of employees (except self-employed)b
Self-employed (1) 0 44.0 26.3 79.1
Small (2–49) 30.0 51.0 61.6 19.8 31
Medium (50–99) 15.0 2.0 8.1 .41 8
Large (100–250) 25.0 2.0 3.0 .46 11
Very large (250 and more) 30.0 1.0 1.0 50
N,  % 100 100 99 100% 100%
  1. Chi Square = 148.7; df = 8, p < .001 (computed with the three types of fraud)
  2. a Statistics Netherlands (2018a)
  3. b Statistics Netherlands (2016)