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Table 3 Main communication tools used in the fraud incidents by type of fraud (in  %)

From: Fraud against businesses both online and offline: crime scripts, business characteristics, efforts, and benefits

Communication tools CEO-frauda Fraudulent contract Ghost invoice
Email 94.9 3.0 0
Offline post 0 9.0 100.0
Telephone 5.1 88.0 0
N 98 100 100
  1. aChi Square = 500.8; df = 4, p < .0001