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Table 4 Distribution of accesses for each outlet and operating system

From: Under and over the surface: a comparison of the use of leaked account credentials in the Dark and Surface Web

  Android (%) Chrome OS (%) iOS (%) Linux (%) Mac (%) Unknown (%) Windows (%) Statistics (FET)
Paste sites
  Surface 15.3 0.0 0.0 7.1 4.7 9.4 63.5 p < 0.000
  Dark 1.1 0.0 1.7 22.5 3.4 8.1 63.2
Forums
  Surface 0.0 1.3 0.0 8.9 1.3 0.0 88.6 p = 0.031
  Dark 7.0 0.0 2.0 7.0 5.0 1.0 78.0
  1. Most of the accesses originate from Windows; however, cybercriminals in paste sites are more likely to use Android devices when using credentials gathered in the Surface Web. On the other hand, Linux is more likely to be used in the Dark Web (FET: \(\hbox {p}<0.001\))