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Table 2 Estimated coefficients and summary statistics of the model specifications in Figs. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

From: Ravenous wolves revisited: a systematic review of offending concentration

Figure number Key N study N (X, Y) Constant Beta Std. error Confidence interval t-statistic Percentage of crime explained by
5% 10% 20% 50%
Figure 1 Full prevalence 15 154 12.24 23.17 1.67 19.83 26.52 13.86 49.5 65.6 81.7 100.0
Partial prevalence 55 263 30.26 17.82 1.30 15.23 20.42 13.73 58.9 71.3 83.6 100.0
Full frequency 27 288 −13.76 23.91 0.87 22.17 25.65 27.50 24.7 41.3 57.9 79.8
Partial frequency 44 358 −13.23 24.17 0.95 22.27 26.08 25.36 25.7 42.4 59.2 81.3
Figure 2 Prevalence 15 154 12.24 23.17 1.67 19.83 26.52 13.86 49.5 65.6 81.7 100.0
Frequency 27 288 −13.76 23.91 0.87 22.17 25.65 27.50 24.7 41.3 57.9 79.8
Figure 3 Adult (P) 3 34 12.70 22.17 2.63 16.92 27.42 8.45 48.4 63.7 79.1 99.4
Youth (P) 7 64 7.67 23.80 2.75 18.30 29.30 8.65 46.0 62.5 79.0 100.0
Figure 4 Adult (F) 7 71 −7.61 21.20 1.11 18.98 23.42 19.09 26.5 41.2 55.9 75.3
Youth (F) 12 110 −17.01 23.56 1.67 20.22 26.90 14.12 20.9 37.2 53.6 75.2
Figure 5 Male (P) 13 108 12.04 23.33 1.68 19.97 26.69 13.90 49.6 65.8 81.9 100.0
Female (P) 5 17 6.12 22.95 3.59 15.77 30.13 6.39 43.1 59.0 74.9 95.9
Figure 6 Male (F) 14 119 −12.82 23.62 1.12 21.39 25.86 21.14 25.2 41.6 57.9 79.6
Female (F) 7 35 −13.73 22.06 3.78 14.50 29.63 5.83 21.8 37.1 52.4 72.6
Figure 7 US (P) 10 95 7.52 24.27 2.29 19.69 28.85 10.61 46.6 63.4 80.2 100.0
Non-US (P) 5 59 22.05 20.37 2.11 16.15 24.59 9.66 54.8 68.9 83.1 100.0
Figure 8 US (F) 17 170 −16.12 23.72 1.21 21.30 26.14 19.59 22.1 38.5 54.9 76.7
Non-US (F) 10 118 −12.56 24.16 0.93 22.31 26.02 26.08 26.3 43.1 59.8 82.0